Medical professionals are in constant contact with patients from all walks of life. You may not always have an interpreter or loved one to help translate, and it will be good to have a strong medical vocabulary available to you. So feel free to download this page as a PDF for reference.

It is essential to know as many of the top Spanish medical terms for nurses, doctors, & emergency/first responders in communities with Spanish speakers. Use these 149 terms commonly used terms in healthcare in order to understand the language and communicate better with patients in case of a medical emergency or routine attention.

Let’s review some top Spanish words for medical purposes:

Medical terminology for:

1) Common Disease/Medical Symptoms in Spanish:

The following chart shows some Spanish words related to common symptoms expressed by patients in general:

ENGLISH TERMSSPANISH TERMS
abscessabsceso
burnsquemaduras
constipationestreñimiento
coughtos
dehydrationdeshidratación
depression depresión
diarrheadiarrea
dizziness mareo
fatiguefatiga
feverfiebre
fracturefractura
headachedolor de cabeza
hemorrhagehemorragia
high tensiontensión alta
hypoglycemiahipoglucemia
hyperglycemiahiperglucemia
itchingpicazón
lower back paindolor lumbar
poisoningenvenenamiento
pain/hurtsdolor / duele
rashsarpullido / erupción
sore throatdolor de garganta
stomachachedolor de estómago
vision problemsproblemas de visión
vomitvómito

2) Common Etiologies in Spanish:

The next chart lists some words related to words representing common disease external and internal causes (etiologies):

ENGLISH TERMSSPANISH TERMS
arthritisartritis
bacterial infectioninfección bacteriana
cancercáncer
diabetesdiabetes
dietdieta
high pressure hipertensión arterial
infectioninfección
low pressurehipotensión arterial
microbemicrobio
osteoarthritisosteoartritis
pneumonianeumonía
viral infectioninfección viral
smokingfumar
virusvirus

3) Common Sequels in Spanish:

Chart number 3 names some Spanish vocabulary words related to common disease sequels:

ENGLISH TERMSSPANISH TERMS
appetite losspérdida de apetito
arrhythmiaarritmia
breathing difficulty / shortness of breathdificultad respiratoria
debilitation / weaknessdebilitamiento / debilidad
embolismembolia
inflammation / swellinginflamación
irritationirritación
memory losspérdida de memoria
myocarditismiocarditis
paralysisparálisis
sepsissepsis / septicemia
thrombosistrombosis
weight losspérdida de peso

4) Common Therapies in Spanish:

Chart number 4 shows vocabulary words that represent different types of therapies in Spanish:

ENGLISH TERMSSPANISH TERMS
therapyterapia
physical therapy / physiotherapy terapia física / fisioterapia
cognitive therapyterapia cognitiva
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)terapia cognitivo conductual (TCC)
curative therapyterapia curativa
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)terapia dialéctica conductual (TDC/DBT)
drug therapy / pharmacotherapyfarmacoterapia
neurological therapyterapia neurológica
orthopedic therapyterapia ortopédica
occupational therapyTerapia ocupacional
respiratory therapyterapia respiratoria
systemic therapyterapia sistémica

5) Common Accidents and Injuries in Spanish:

Next, let’s review some vocabulary words describing names of common accidents and injuries in Spanish:

ENGLISH TERMSSPANISH TERMS
to bang your headgolpearse la cabeza
to bleed / bleedingsangrar / hemorragia
to break a boneromperse un hueso
bruisemoretón
car accidentaccidente de auto
to cut / cutcortarse / corte
to faint / faintdesmayarse / desmayo
to fall / fallcaerse / caída
electrocutiondescarga eléctrica
to get hurtlastimarse
injurylesión
spraintorcedura
stingpicadura
to twisttorcerse
woundherida

6) Body Parts in Spanish:

The next chart lists a number of vocabulary words that represent parts of the body in Spanish:

ENGLISH TERMSSPANISH TERMS
ankletobillo
appendixapéndice
armbrazo
backespalda
braincerebro
chestpecho
coloncolon
earsoídos / orejas
eyeojo
fingerdedo (de la mano)
footpie
forearmantebrazo
gallbladdervesícula biliar
gluteusgluteo
handmano
headcabeza
heartcorazón
hipcadera
kidneyriñón
large intestineintestino grueso
legpierna
liverhígado
lungspulmones
mouthboca
musclemúsculo
neckcuello
nosenariz
pancreaspáncreas
shoulderhombro
small intestineintestino delgado
stomachestómago
toededo (del pie)
urinary bladdervejiga
wristmuñeca

7) Frequent Emergencies in Spanish:

The following chart contains the names of frequent medical emergencies in Spanish.

ENGLISH TERMSSPANISH TERMS
accidentaccidente
food poisoningintoxicación alimentaria
bleedingsangrado
heart attackataque al corazón /infarto de miocardio
seizureconvulsión
strokeaccidente cerebral
emergency roomsala de emergencias

8) Common & Specialty Medicines in Spanish:

Chart number 8 lists some vocabulary words related to the names of common and specific medicines in Spanish:

ENGLISH TERMSSPANISH TERMS
insulininsulina
metforminmetformina
ibuprofenibuprofeno
aspirinaspirina
simvastatinsimvastatina
omeprazoleomeprazol
sodium levothyroxinelevotiroxina sódica
ramiprilramipril
amlodipineamlodipino
losartanlosartan
enalaprilenalapril
captoprilcaptopril
paracetamolparacetamol
acetaminofenacetaminofen
salbutamolsalbutamol
lansoprazolelansoprazol
sodium chloridecloruro de sodio
colecalciferolcolecalciferol
bisoprolol fumaratebisoprolol fumarato
co-codamolco-codamol
bendroflumethiazidebendroflumetiazida
amoxicillinamoxicilina
azithromycinazitromicina
amitriptyline hydrochloridehidrocloruro de amitriptilina
warfarin sodium warfarina sódica
metamizolemetamizol
codeinecodeína
penicillinpenicilina

Learning these words will help you improve your performance in the Spanish language. Try to study more and more words every day and soon you will feel confident in communicating with Spanish-speaking patients. So, keep on learning new vocabulary related to health, illness, and medicine in general in Spanish to continue improving your communicative skills. If you have any ideas or suggestions on the subject of what you would like to learn, leave your comments in this post.

 

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Jenny López - Medical Spanish Tutor

Specializations: Colombian Spanish Tutors, Medical Spanish Tutors, Spanish Tutors, Spanish Tutors on Zoom

Bio: My name is Jenny López, I'm from Colombia, and I'm a doctor. I look forward to helping other doctors and nurses with medical Spanish.

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Other articles: Spanish Vocabulary for the Emergency Room

Disclaimer: The information found on this website is meant only to aid healthcare professionals who want to improve their Spanish skills to communicate with their Spanish-speaking patients and not to be used as medical advice. Medical professionals should not rely on the content of this website to evaluate, diagnose or treat any health related condition.